Four Zoas Manuscript
Four Zoas, Night VIII, PAGE 107 , (E 380) "And these are the Sons of Los & Enitharmon. Rintrah Palamabron Theotormon Bromion Antamon Ananton Ozoth Ohana Sotha Mydon Ellayol Natho Gon Harhath Satan Har Ochim Ijim Adam Reuben Simeon Levi Judah Dan Naphtali Gad Asher Issachar Zebulun Joseph Benjamin David Solomon Paul Constantine Charlemaine Luther Milton These are our daughters Ocalythron Elynittria Oothoon Leutha Elythiria Enanto Manathu Vorcyon Ethinthus Moab Midian Adah Zillah Caina Naamah Tamar Rahab Tirzah Mary And myriads more of Sons & Daughters to whom our love increasd To each according to the multiplication of their multitudes But Satan accusd Palamabron before his brethren also he maddend The horses of palambrons harrow wherefore Rintrah & Palamabron Cut him off from Golgonooza. But Enitharmon in tears Wept over him Created him a Space closd with a tender moon And he rolld down beneath the fires of Orc a Globe immense Crusted with snow in a dim void. here by the Arts of Urizen He tempted many of the Sons & Daughters of Los to flee Away from Me first Reuben fled then Simeon then Levi then Judah Then Dan then Naphtali then Gad then Asher then Issachar Then Zebulun then Joseph then Benjamin twelve sons of Los And this is the manner in which Satan became the Tempter There is a State namd Satan learn distinct to know O Rahab The Difference between States & Individuals of those States The State namd Satan never can be redeemd in all Eternity But when Luvah in Orc became a Serpent he des[c]ended into That State calld Satan Enitharmon breathd forth on the Winds Of Golgonooza her well beloved knowing he was Orc's human remains She tenderly lovd him above all his brethren he grew up In mothers tenderness The Enormous worlds rolling in Urizens power Must have given Satan by these mild arts Dominion over all Wherefore Palamabron being accusd by Satan to Los Calld down a Great Solemn assembly Rintrah in fury & fire Defended Palamabron & rage filld the Universal Tent Because Palamabron was good naturd Satan supposd he feard him And Satan not having the Science of Wrath but only of Pity Was soon condemnd & wrath was left to wrath & Pity to Pity Rintrah & Palamabron Cut sheer off from Golgonooza Enitharmons Moony space & in it Satan & his companions They rolld down a dim world Crusted with Snow deadly & dark Jerusalem pitying them wove them mantles of life & death Times after times And those in Eden sent Lucifer for their Guard Lucifer refusd to die for Satan & in pride he forsook his charge Then they sent Molech Molech was impatient They sent Molech impatient They Sent Elohim who created Adam To die for Satan Adam refusd but was compelld to die By Satans arts. Then the Eternals Sent Shaddai Shaddai was angry Pachad descended Pachad was terrified And then they Sent Jehovah who leprous stretchd his hand to Eternity Then Jesus Came & Died willing beneath Tirzah & Rahab Thou art that Rahab Lo the Tomb what can we purpose more PAGE 108  Lo Enitharmon terrible & beautiful in Eternal youth Bow down before her you her children & set Jerusalem free Rahab burning with pride & revenge departed from Los Los dropd a tear at her departure but he wipd it away in hope She went to Urizen in pride the Prince of Light beheld Reveald before the face of heaven his secret holiness."
Wiki Commons Illustrations to Young's Night Thoughts
Blake's next section is a recapitulation of the Bards song from Milton. Blake presents an explanation of the drawing away of many of Los's sons through the arts of Urizen. Satan's role as the Tempter is developed in this passage. Blake introduced states as opposed to individuals in those states. Then he listed the seven 'eyes' or states through which society developed as it acquired spiritual consciousness.
This statement is given to Rahab by the Eternals attempting to gain the release of Jerusalem by explaining how the present circumstances came about, but Rahab rebuffs Los and returns to Urizen.
For Blake the image of the suffering Christ offering himself for the salvation of mankind was sufficient to encompass the whole history of the world as it passed through stages of trying and failing, learning and forgetting, falling asleep and reawakening.
In the manuscript for the Four Zoas, pages 111 and 115 have similar images. Both images are engraved, indicating that they were produced as finished products intended for inclusion in the project on which Blake was working - Illustrations for Young's Night Thoughts. The watercolors in the British Museum include a painting of the image used on page 111 in which Jesus' head is seen in profile. Of the 537 watercolors (now in the British Museum) which Blake painted to illustrate Night Thoughts, only those which were selected to be included in the first volume issued for publication were ever engraved. Apparently after Blake had engraved the image he was dissatisfied with the expression on the face of Jesus. It was worth the time and effort to him, to reengrave the image in order better to show Jesus expressing compassionate concern for the world he suffered to redeem. As was his practice he reused proofs from pages engraved for Night Thoughts to furnish paper for the composition of the Four Zoas. Thus we can compare two engraved versions of a single composition.