Four Zoas Manuscript
Four Zoas, Night IX, PAGE 138, (E 406)
"Then Dark Urthona took the Corn out of the Stores of Urizen He ground it in his rumbling Mills Terrible the distress Of all the Nations of Earth ground in the Mills of Urthona In his hand Tharmas takes the Storms. he turns the whirlwind Loose Upon the wheels the stormy seas howl at his dread command And Eddying fierce rejoice in the fierce agitation of the wheels Of Dark Urthona Thunders Earthquakes Fires Water floods Rejoice to one another loud their voices shake the Abyss Their dread forms tending the dire mills The grey hoar frost was there And his pale wife the aged Snow they watch over the fires They build the Ovens of Urthona Nature in darkness groans And Men are bound to sullen contemplations in the night Restless they turn on beds of sorrow. in their inmost brain Feeling the crushing Wheels they rise they write the bitter words Of Stern Philosophy & knead the bread of knowledge with tears & groans Such are the works of Dark Urthona Tharmas sifted the corn Urthona made the Bread of Ages & he placed it In golden & in silver baskets in heavens of precious stone And then took his repose in Winter in the night of Time The Sun has left his blackness & has found a fresher morning And the mild moon rejoices in the clear & cloudless night And Man walks forth from midst of the fires the evil is all consumd His eyes behold the Angelic spheres arising night & day The stars consumd like a lamp blown out & in their stead behold The Expanding Eyes of Man behold the depths of wondrous worlds One Earth one sea beneath nor Erring Globes wander but Stars Of fire rise up nightly from the Ocean & one Sun Each morning like a New born Man issues with songs & Joy Calling the Plowman to his Labour & the Shepherd to his rest He walks upon the Eternal Mountains raising his heavenly voice Conversing with the Animal forms of wisdom night & day That risen from the Sea of fire renewd walk oer the Earth For Tharmas brought his flocks upon the hills & in the Vales Around the Eternal Mans bright tent the little Children play Among the wooly flocks The hammer of Urthona sounds In the deep caves beneath his limbs renewd his Lions roar Around the Furnaces & in Evening sport upon the plains They raise their faces from the Earth conversing with the Man How is it we have walkd thro fires & yet are not consumd How is it that all things are changd even as in ancient times"As Blake was reaching the conclusion of the Four Zoas the fireworks were over. The wheat had been separated from the chaff: truth from error. The Zoas were in their rightful places satisfied to do their work and appreciative of the work done by their brother Zoas. Urthona was here the oldest brother, older even than Tharmas: man's consciousness of his spiritual nature was more fundamental than his consciousness of himself as a body.
The processes of the human brain were served by the forces of nature not the reverse as was the case when nature dictated to man and mediated reality from outer to inner. The working of Urizen was to supply grain to the mills of Urthona from which he made the Bread of Life. Man was no longer fed on the bread made by Urizen - bitter words or stern philosophy.The spiritual wisdom of Urthona would be served to mankind as he worked, and loved and grew wise and beautiful. Each individual would be transformed by his restored ability to perceive the infinite in all things.